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Nations & Customs
Chinese Wedding Customs & Rituals(3)

 3. Wedding Day Ceremony(1) 

On the day of the wedding, two families perform "hair dressing" ritual and "capping" ritual for the bride and groom respectively. Then the groom sets out to the bride"s home, and he will inevitably be blocked at her door by her friends, and the bridesmaids will play door game with the groom and his attendants.  The bride and groom will then leave her home and proceed to meet the groom"s parents for Tea Ceremony.  The wedding date ceremony ends with a feast which features elaborate Chinese wedding food.

Hair-Dressing for the Bride

In the morning of the wedding day, "hair dressing" ritual is performed for the bride. A "good luck woman", woman with living parents, spouse and children, will come to help dressing up the bride"s hair. The woman should also speak auspicious words while tying up her hair in a bun, a style of married woman.
 

Wedding Dress

The colour red is considered good luck, a strong colour that can keep away evil spirits. The traditional Chinese wedding dress in northern China usually is one-piece frock named Qi Pao, embroidered with elaborate gold and silver designs. Brides from southern China usually wear two-piece dress named Qun Gua, Kwa or Cheongsam, also elaborately adorned with golden phoenix and dragon.

                                                             

Capping Ritual for the Groom

"Capping" ritual for the groom is performed at the groom"s home, where father of the groom place a hat decorated with cypress leaves on the groom"s head. The groom will bring the bridal sedan chair, a equivalent of a limousine nowadays, and a group of relatives and friends to go to fetch the bride. 

Door Game

Door game originated from ancient time which implies that the bride is a lovely girl and her family and friends do not want to marry her away.  The groom will be blocked at the bride"s door, and her friends will try to stop him from entering by asking questions about the bride, a way to test if he really cares about her.  They may also do other tricks to delay the bride"s leaving.  The groom will try to buy his way in by presenting "Li Shi", token money wrapped in red envelops. The entire "bargain" process is joyous and good-natured.

 
   
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