Ethnic minorities in China refer to the non-Han Chinese population in mainland China and Taiwan. The People"s Republic of China (PRC) officially recognizes 55 ethnic minority groups within China in addition to the Han majority. As of 2005, the combined population of officially recognised minority groups numbered at 123.33 million, comprising 9.44% of mainland China and Taiwan"s total population. In addition to these officially recognized ethnic minority groups, there are PRC nationals who privately classify themselves as members of unrecognized ethnic groups (such as Jewish, Tuvan, Oirat and Ili Turki). Also, foreign nationals who have become Chinese citizens form yet another separate group.
In general, the officially recognized ethnic minority groups reside within mainland China
, with the exception of the Taiwanese aborigines
. The Republic of China
(ROC) in Taiwan officially recognises 13 Taiwanese aborigine groups, while the People"s Republic of China classifies them all as a single ethnic minority group, the Gaoshan
. Hong Kong
do not use this ethnic classification system, and figures by the PRC government do not include the two territories.
These ethnic minority groups, together with the Han majority, make up the greater Chinese nationality known as Zhonghua Minzu