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Business
Basic Laws and Regulations

In order to create a congenial investment environment and to encourage overseas firms to invest in China, China has gradually set up a relatively complete legal system. In 1979 the National People"s Congress issued The Law of the People"s Republic of China on Chinese-Foreign Equity Joint Ventures. In the following 20-odd years, the Chinese government has promulgated and issued a series of laws and statutes concerning the establishment, operation, termination and liquidation of foreign-invested enterprises. The main laws and regulations include the three basic laws 篓D The Law of the People"s Republic of China on Chinese-Foreign Equity Joint Ventures, The Law of the People"s Republic of China on Chinese-Foreign Contractual Joint Ventures, and The Law of the People"s Republic of China on Wholly Foreign-Owned Enterprises; detailed rules for the implementation of the three basic laws; The Company Law of the People"s Republic of China; The Income Tax Law of the People"s Republic of China for Enterprises with Foreign Investment and Foreign Enterprises; Interim Provisions for Guiding Foreign Investment; Industrial Catalogue for Foreign Investment; Interim Provisions Concerning the Investment within China of Foreign-invested Enterprises, Provisions Regarding the Merger and Separation of Foreign-invested Enterprises, and Liquidation Measures for Enterprises with Foreign Investment. These provide legal bases from which to guarantee the independent operation rights of foreign-funded enterprises and to protect the legitimate rights and interest of both domestic and overseas investors.

Currently, the Chinese government is reexamining its existing laws and statutes in accordance with the framework of the WTO. It has abolished certain obsolete laws and regulations, and will gradually revise the laws and regulations that are incompatible with the rules of the WTO. For instance, in 2000 China revised The Law of the People"s Republic of China on Chinese-Foreign Contractual Joint Ventures and The Law of the People"s Republic of China on Wholly Foreign-Owned Enterprises, and discarded certain restrictions regarding the balance of foreign exchange account and localization of supplies. In 2001 The Law of the People"s Republic of China on Chinese-Foreign Equity Joint Ventures was also revised.

 
   
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