Yixian county was initially built in the Qin Dynasty wit a history of more than 2,000 years. This ancient county was named after the great mountain, for it is located at the foot of the Yellow Mountains. Many ancient villages are still well kept today in the place. There is a total about 4,000 ancient houses scattered in Yixian county, which is reputed as "The Residence Museum of the Ming and Qing Dynasties". Villages such as Xidi, Hong Cun and Nan Ping are well known world heritages.
During the 16th century, Yi County flourished, and thousands of buildings in the style of Ming Dynasty were built. These buildings are used extensively by the Chinese film industry today, and famous film Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon was filmed in Yixian county. Since the ancient times, Yixian county was called the "Home on Wonderland". The scenery in Yixian county is quite a microcosm of what Tao Yuanming (a poet of Jin Dynasty) had discribed in his Tale of Peach Blossom Spring (_Tao Hua Yuan Ji_) as a Chinese Utopia of green hills, clear streams and elegant dwelling houses.