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Archit & Design
China Famous Ancient Buildings3
24/02/2010 11:03:12    Author : kathyby66@gmail.com    Browse : 726

The Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal

The Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal is one of the greatest projects endeavored in ancient China as well as the longest man-made waterway in world. With a total length of 1,794 kilometers, the canal interconnects the Yangtze, Yellow, Huaihe, Haihe, and Qiantang rivers. It flows through Beijing, Tianjing, Hebei, Shandong, Jiangsu and Zhejiang with Hangzhou at its southernmost end.In April 1981, China opened ancient canal tour routes from Wuxi to Yangzhou and Wuxi to Hangzhou, drawing much attention from tourists home and abroad. Tourists can appreciate the beautiful scenery, human cultures, and folk customs in famous cities south of the Yangtze River along the routes.

Temple of Heaven

Temple of Heaven is situated in southeastern urban Beijing (about 6 km away from the center), was built in 1420 during the Ming Dynasty to offer sacrifice to Heaven, and was thereafter visited by all subsequent emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties. Each winter solstice the emperor and all his retinue would move through the city to encamp within the complex, wearing special robes and abstaining from eating meat; there the emperor would personally pray to Heaven for good harvests. The ceremony had to be perfectly completed, or even the smallest of mistakes would constitute a bad omen for the whole nation in the coming year. The temple was last used for this purpose by the president of the Republic,Temple of Heaven is much bigger than the Forbidden City, but smaller than the Summer Palace, with an area of about 2,700,000 square meters. As Chinese emperors called themselves "the Son of Heaven", they dared not to build their own dwelling, "Forbidden City", bigger than a dwelling for Heaven. The temple is enclosed with a long wall. The northern part within the wall is semicircular symbolizing the heaven and the southern part is square symbolizing the earth, in accordance with an ancient Chinese thought of "the heaven is round and the earth is square". The northern part (heaven) is higher than the southern part (earth).

Big Wild Goose Pagoda

As the symbol of the old-line Xian, Big Wild Goose Pagoda is a well-preserved ancient building and a holy place for Buddhists. It is located in the southern suburb of Xian City, about 4 kilometers (2.49 miles) from the downtown of the city. Standing in the Da Ci"en Temple complex, it attracts numerous visitors for its fame in the Buddhist religion, its simple but appealing style of construction, and its new square in front of the temple. It is rated as a National Key Cultural Relic Preserve as well as an AAAA Tourist Attraction.


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