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Archit & Design
China Famous Ancient Buildings 2
24/02/2010 06:47:49    Author : kathyby66@gmail.com    Browse : 1054

The Potala Palace

It can be said that the Potala Palace is the symbol of Lhasa, the regional capital of Tibet. Situated on Red Hill in northwest of the city, the Potala Palace was originally built as the house for the marriage of Emperor Songtsen Gampo and Princess Wenchang in the Tang Dynasty. .Perched upon Marpo Ri hill, 130 meters above the Lhasa valley, the Potala Palace rises a further 170 meters and is the greatest monumental structure in all of Tibet.The Potala Palace is an immense structure, its interior space being in excess of 130,000 square meters. Fulfilling numerous functions, the Potala was first and foremost the residence of the Dalai Lama and his large staff. In addition, it was the seat of Tibetan government,Within the White Palace are two small chapels, the Phakpa Lhakhang and the Chogyal Drubphuk; dating from the seventh century, these chapels are the oldest surviving structures on the hill and also the most sacred. The Potala"s most venerated statue, the Arya Lokeshvara, is housed inside the Phapka Lhakhang, and it draws thousands of Tibetan pilgrims each day.

Mogao Grottoes

Mogao Grottoesagain known as "Thousand Buddha Caves", are located at the cliffs of the Soughing Sand Hill some 25 kilometers to the southeast of the city of Dunhuang. The name of the grottoes is a derivation of the township named Mogao. Being the largest, the most well-known grottoes of Buddhism art in China they are caved out on the third and fourth floors,extending a length of 1.6 kilometers along the cliff. Mogao means "high up in the desert". Mogao Grottoes (also known as Thousand Buddha Caves) is one of three noted grottoes in China. It consists of some 500 man-made caves that have survived some 1,600 years of volatile climate changes and other damage. The frescos, painted on the ceiling and walls of the caves, carry the best-preserved trove of Buddhist art in the world. They, along with Buddha figurines, were made to help promote and spread Buddhism, though the themes varied with the passage of times.


Dujiangyan is the oldest and only surviving no-dam irrigation system in the world; and a wonder in the development of Chinese science. The project consists of three important parts, namely Yuzui, Feishayan and Baopingkou scientifically designed to automatically control the water flow of the rivers from the mountains to the plains throughout the year.Now, the project is honored as the "Treasure of Sichuan", which still plays a crucial role in draining off floodwater, irrigating farms and providing water resources for more than 50 cities in the province.

The Leshan Giant Buddha

The Leshan Giant Buddha:is the tallest stone Buddha statue in the world, and is the hottest tourist destination in southwest China thanks to its grandness and mystery. It was carved out of a cliff face by an 8th-century monk in southern Szechuan province, near the city of Leshan. The Leshan Giant Buddha is a statue of Maitreya (a Bodhisattva usually represented as a very stout monk with a broad smile on his face and with his naked breast and paunch exposed to view) in sitting posture. The Buddha is located to the east of Leshan City, Sichuan Province, at the confluence of three rivers, namely, Min River, Qingyi River, and Dadu River. The statue makes itself the most renowned scenic spot in Leshan City.


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