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Archit & Design
Architectural Splendor of Tang Daming Palace
28/05/2009 16:31:13    Author : abby.mailbox@yahoo.com.cn    Browse : 1127

As a typical royal palace complex, Daming Palace is the embodiment of the cream of the glorious and resplendent Chinese architectural culture. Being magnificent, sophisticated, spectacular, and accommodating, Daming Palace has the total length of over 7.6 kilometers and covers an area of 3.2 square kilometers. It has in place 11 royal gates, reinforced with doubled walls in the east, west and north directions and with three times as many as walls in the south. Being regarded as the grandest palace of Tang Dynasty, Daming Palace was four times larger than the Ming and Qing Forbidden City.

Daming Palace was divided into the frontal court and the rear compounds in layout. The frontal court is employed to administrate the court affairs while the rear compounds are utilized for recreations, feasts, and settlement. In the south-north axis of the palace is the 176-meter long Danfeng (Red Phoenix) Gate Street in the south and Hanyuan Hall, Xuanzheng Hall, Zichen Hall, Penglai Hall, Hanliang Hall and Xuanwu (Black Turtle) Hall etc in the north.

Hanyuan Hall is the principal hall of Daming Palace and the landmark of the ancient Changn city. In a span of over 220 years, Hanyuan Hall is the architectural mascot of the affluent Tang Dynasty. The important celebrations and gatherings such as Solar New Year and Winter Solstice were held by His Majesty in Hanyuan Hall. Two elegantly symmetrical towers, i.e. Xiangluan Tower and Qifeng Tower, lie in the east and west of Hanyuan Hall and link to a long corridor. 300 meters away from Hanyuan Hall is Xuanzheng Hall, where the emperor oversees the counsels of his subordinated officials. Zichen Hall lies 95 meters away from Xuanzheng Hall. Court officials gather in Zichen Hall to bow to His Majesty. Hanyuan Hall, and Xuanzheng Hall, and Zichen hall compose the so-called layout of exterior court, middle court, and interior court, which are manifested in the design of Taihe Hall, Zhonghe Hall, and Baohe Hall of the Forbidden City. Linde Hall is named after the reign title of Emperor Gaozong and is built on the highland in the west of Taiye Lake of Daming Place. Linde Palace serves as the palace where the emperor honor the civil and the military officials with banquets, hold the imperial musical dances, and receives the foreign diplomats. Linde Hall is considered as the largest subordinated hall in the expanse of the imperial complex. With its grace, splendor, and opulence, Empress Wuzetian, the only woman in the history of China to assume the title of Empress Regnant, used to meet the Japanese diplomat here.

The excavation and conservation of Daming Palace are done simultaneously now. By 2010, a Daming Palace National Cultural Heritage Park will have been constructed on the site to be reminiscent of the opulent and powerful Tang.


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