Food of Hui
There are no other Chinese minorities that are as widely distributed in China as the Hui ethnic minority.
The Huis have three meals a day. Their staple food is wheaten food in the north, and rice in the south, with other grains as supplements.
The vegetable consumption varies in different areas. The Huis in the south consume fresh vegetables, like the Hans; while those in the north consume potato, cabbage, radish, bean curd, and pickles. The meat consumption also varies: more mutton, beef, camel and rabbit meat in the north, while more chicken, duck, fish and shrimp in the south.
The Islamic dishes, snacks and cakes they created have become an important flavor sect in Chinese cooking and food, with a high social reputation.
There are a lot of well-known food of the Huis, such as instant-boiled mutton, sauce-fried mutton, fried sheep tail, stewed lamb, fried sheep stomach, slick sheep tenderloin, mutton eaten by hand, stewed cattle tendon, beef Ganba, flour intestines, mutton dumpling and soup, Tianshui Guagua, chopped cooked entails, crisp chicken, Jinlin osmanthus duck, soy-stewed carp, oil-fried shrimp, Mikezi, milk rice paste, chopped mutton noodles, mutton or beef soup with cake, fried cake, Baiyuzong stuffed bun, Ma steamed stuffed cake, Islamic pancake, Wongzi sweet glutinous dumplings, bean paste, beef and rice noodles, Cupi, Lanzhou hand-pulled noodles, sauce noodles, fried noodles, Zhangchuan pancake, etc..
In the Hui diet, sweet food takes a certain position, which is related to the fact that Arabian Muslims are fond of sweet food. When Arabian Muslim women give birth to a baby, they apply honey or date to the mouth of the baby before breast-feeding. There is also the tradition of applying brown sugar first to newborn Hui babies in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region. In the well-known dishes of the Huis, many are sweet dishes, such as Tasimi (sweetened chicken), fried sheep tail, sweet and sour tenderloin, etc. They also have sweet rice and flour foods, such as cool rice cake, chopped cake, eight-treasure sweet dish, sweet fried dough twist, sweet Sanzi (fried wheaten food), glutinous rice cake, dried persimmon, sweet paste, etc. The Huis in Ningxia also make Youxiang, the traditional food of Muslims, into sweet food. They add honey or brown sugar into the dough.
The Huis are careful for what they drink. They do not drink stagnant water or unclean water, and avoid baths or laundries near drinking water resources. They are fond of tea and often entertain guests with tea. The covered tea of the Huis in the northwest is well known. The Huis in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region also drink eight-treasure tea. Pot tea is also of special flavor.