Guizhou province is called "Qian" or "Gui" for its short forms. Located on the eastern slope of Yunnan--Guizhou Plateau, Guizhou borders provinces (region and municipality) of Hunan, Guangxi, Yunnan, Sichuan and Chongqing to the east, south, west, and north respectively. The province becomes an important access to the sea and a transportation hub for Southwest China.
Guizhou has a subtropical humid climate. There are few seasonal changes. Its annual average temperature is roughly 10 to 20 C, with January temperatures ranging from 1 to 10 C and July temperatures ranging from 17 to 28 C, therefore a fantastic place to visit for a cool holiday in hot summer time.
Guizhou is one of the most developed karst landform regions in the world.Overall mountains and plateaus make up some 65% of Guizhou"s topography. The terrain is rugged, with karst formations, underground rivers, jagged peaks, dramatic valleys, and terraced rice fields.
The population in Guizhou contains one of the most densely populated minority groups in China. It has a population of about 35 million, of which 65% is Han and the rest a mixture of minorities such as Miao, Bouyei, Dong, Yi, Shui, Hui, Gelao, Zhuang, Yao, Bai, Tujia, etc. The population of ethnic minorities account for 36.77% of the provincial total, ranking third in China.
Guizhou, with its rich historic heritage, has spectacular waterfalls, national forests, and awesome scenery. The major cities include capital city Guiyang, Zunyi, Anshun, Duyun, Kali, and Liupenshui.
Some major tourist attractions in Guizhou are Huangguoshu water fall which is the largest water fall in all of China.
Also the rich population of minorities in Guizhou allow for a great many ethnic festivals throughout the lunar calendar. During the first lunar month (usually February), the early festival in Kaili (east of Guiyang) celebrates local culture with acts of bullfighting, horse racing, pipe playing, and comedy works.
Guizhou is a relatively poor and undeveloped province. It also has a small economy compared to the coastal provinces. Its nominal GDP for 2008 was 333.34 billion yuan (48 billion USD). Its per capita GDP of 8,824 RMB (1,270 USD) ranks last in all of the PRC.
Its natural industry includes timber and forestry. Other important industries in the province include energy (electricity generation) and mining, especially in coal, limestone, arsenic, gypsum, and oil shale. Guizhou"s total output of coal was 118 million tons in 2008, a 7% growth from the previous year.
Guizhou is the home of the Moutai Distillery, distillers of Maotai liquor, China"s most famous alcoholic beverage.