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Landscape Painting


 Landscape Painting

 

芒鈧揕andscape芒鈧?for short, paintings that mainly depict natural sceneries such as mountains and waters.  Landscape Painting was gradually developed during the Wei, Jin, and Southern and Northern Dynasties, but was an auxiliary to Figure Painting, mostly as background; became an independent genre in the Sui and Tang Dynasties, such as the colored Landscape by Zhan Ziqian, the gold-and-green Landscape by Li Sixun, the ink-and-wash Landscape by Wang Wei, and the slashed-ink Landscape by Wang Qia, etc.; flourished in the Five Dynasties and Song Dynasty, when so many painters mushroomed: the ink-and-wash Landscape school had Jing Hao, Guan Tong, Li Cheng, Dong Yuan, Ju Ran, Fan Kuan, Xu Daoning, Yan Wengui, Song Di, Wang Shen, Mi Fu, and Mi Youren, and the blue-and-green Landscape school had Wang Ximeng, Zhao boju, and Zhao Bosu, south and north vied each other for refulgence, thereby reached its peak and became an important genre of Chinese Paintings ever since; came to the Yuan Dynasty, the trend went to freehand style, let abstraction guide representation, emphasized on the verve of ink and brush, inaugurated a new style; further developed and innovated in the Ming and Qing Dynasties and modern times, the landscape painting in the time was particular about composition and expression of mood. 

The traditional classification includes forms such as ink-and-wash, blue-and-green, gold-and-green, boneless, pale-crimson, and light-color, etc.

 
   
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